The 26th edition of the United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP) is coming: starting on October 31st and finishing on November 12th, the COP26 will occur in Glasgow, Scotland. The COP26 gathers, annually, hundreds of global leaders and thousands of companies, NGOs, and civil society representatives to discuss, set goals, and make agreements to tackle climate change.
Facing a scenario where humanity and Planet Earth are living one of the most crucial moments related to climate change, a phenomenon that is increasing at a larger speed than predicted by scientists, the 26th edition of the COP has a particular urgency. The Conference occurs in a decisive period to formulate goals, and to emphasize the countries commitments to decelerate climate change and decrease its catastrophic impacts not only on the environment but also on human health.
The COP26 is the most important UN Climate Change Conference since the COP21, which was hosted in Paris and resulted in the formulation and signing of the Paris Agreement. The signatory countries of this agreement pledged, among other things, to adopt measures to not exceed the annual increase in the global temperature by more than 1,5°C. According to the last UN report, from August, related to climate change, humanity has not yet managed to commit to achieving this goal. Therefore, the current decade (until 2030) will be extremely important to achieve, not only this goal but also others, in an attempt to contain the unbridled advance of global warming.
For this reason, the main objectives to be discussed and agreed in the COP 26th edition will be:
- Emphasize the goal to limit to 1,5°C to the annual global temperature increase: reinforce the countries commitment related to the decrease of the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions;
- Work together to provide developing countries with better support to deliver clean energy to their population;
- Achieve net-zero: promote air clean-up and reduce carbon emissions, mainly by switching to electric cars;
- Urgency adaptation to protect communities and natural habitats: plans and more finance need to be put in place to improve early warning systems, flood defenses, and build resilient infrastructure and agriculture to avoid further loss of life, livelihoods, and natural habitats;
- Mobilize finance and take climate into account in every financial decision: developed countries must deliver on their promise to raise at least $100 billion every year in climate finance to support developing countries.