More than natural beauty and soil protection, ecosystems provide important ecosystem services to humanity. The maintenance and preservation of forests ensures stability in the regime of rain and floods of rivers, biodiversity of fauna and flora, cleanliness of the air, and even physical barriers against pollution, flooding and sounds in urban areas.
Ensuring conservation of forested areas and restoration of degraded ecosystems is essential for improving people’s living conditions and preventing major disasters.
Chosen as a UN priority issue for the next decade, restoration of ecosystems, whether forested or non-forested, has been on the agenda in countries. Brazil has a public policy formalized by law (National Native Vegetation Recovery Plan) and has pledged to restore 12 million hectares of native vegetation by 2030, as part of its commitments under the Paris Agreement. It is one of the countries that dominate restoration techniques, having already restored about 700 thousand hectares in the Atlantic Forest alone between 2011 and 2015.
The challenges, costs and opportunities of restoring ecosystems for the economy, the environment and sustainability is the subject of the new Think Green video from The Eco blog. You can check out the link below.